City structure planning

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decrease to dangerous levels of pollution

Such a reconstruction should be carried out based on the reduction of dangerous levels of pollution resulting from their addition to the individual sites and purposeful dispersal of some plants on the territory of the metropolitan area. Fragmentation of the formation of separate localities agglomerations, time difference and isolation problems of engineering equipment in some cases can reduce the high levels of water pollution and soil, which could contribute to the creation of unified systems of sewerage and sewage treatment. These same factors hinder the realization of ~ coordinated solutions for the formation of engineering and transport infrastructure, which is often associated with the duplication, the intricacies of relationships and communication and, consequently, with an additional "blockage" of territories.

Increased interaction of a large city with a gravitating populated places in the sintering of lead in planning - spatial relationships, as a rule, to a greater monocentrism settlement structure. With increasing distance from the city center, drop the differential impact of its availability decreases the density of population, social and transport infrastructure. Outpacing the growth of economic potential of the central part of the metropolitan area compared to the rest of the imbalance increases socio-functional characteristics in a spatial context.


Not fully utilized labor resources away from areas of agglomeration. Resolution of social and economic contradictions in the relations of growth of the central and peripheral zones of agglomerations in the aspect of urban development is largely dependent on the type of implemented systems models populated places with priority development prerequisites polycentric formation of their structures.

Transformation of the established settlements, formed in areas of large and major cities, as noted, it is proposed to make in relation to the creation of group systems of settlements, which are seen as key links in the long-term restructuring of the existing network of settlements, its basic structure and planning of education. Creation of each group system - part of prospective resettlement, based on the main trends of social and scientific progress and the expected formation of a single rationally organized network of settlements in the series of interconnected levels.

Characterizing group system of settlements as a promising form of functional planning organization of resettlement, it is necessary to emphasize that its formation is largely bound solution of important social issues - to achieve largely ravnokachestvennogo and accessible to all people groups regardless of the magnitude occurring in She settlements, needs a choice of places of work, occupation, education, and recreation.

balanced development of settlements

concept of urban development

Develop a network of cultural institutions

dynamics of growth of major cities

Effectiveness group companies

from urban centers to group systems

Goal of urban planning policy

growth rate of urban population

interaction of road transport