City structure planning

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discharge compaction Center

Within these approaches analyze the opportunities, "annular" enlargement in Vienna, its development along several axes, the creation of satellite towns, the growth direction of the city as a "band".

In determining the structure of the city until recently was dominated by trends in the concentration of cultural and community facilities in the central zone along certain segments begin here transport radii. Greatly expands the area of ​​the city and lengthened transport communications. Appeared large, remote from the areas lacking sites of application of labor and public service.

Overcoming these tendencies, discharge compaction downtown, the main radial routes envisaged by the structural adjustment aimed at achieving greater functional autonomy of the peripheral areas of the city with the creation of this commercial and cultural centers, industrial infrastructure. Such restructuring can be achieved in a greater focus on the transport network centers, located on the periphery, reducing the number of radial axes converging in the center. As an important element contributing to the implementation of the principles of decentralized development, we consider streamlining the administrative and territorial division. Organizational restructuring in this area provides for strengthening the role of subordinate field centers and areas served by them.

Development scheme in concentric zones

The proposals of the Japanese urban planners for the management of large cities and agglomerations are solved on the basis of a lap concentric zoning, surrounding a large city. In Tokyo's urban areas, occupying an area of ​​about 36 km2 within a radius of 50 km from central Tokyo, is home to 25 million people. According to the draft long-term development in the central, most densely populated areas of Tokyo, Yokohama, Kawasaki, Kavatuti, Mithaqi scheduled to focus management functions, information, trade and culture. In the area of ​​50 km from Tokyo will be located in industries related to port management, new residential, administrative and business complexes, the green zone. In a zone up to 150 km are located industry and agriculture, small and medium-sized towns - the local service centers, unloading the central part of the district. For unloading Tokyo planned to build the so-called satellite cities along the railways and roads.

The same development pattern of concentric zones applied to the urban areas of Osaka - Kobe - Kyoto. The main objectives of the project: limiting the growth of Osaka and Kobe. In the central, most densely populated, area of ​​the network of institutions of tertiary sector in a radius of 50 kilometers from the centers of major cities is expected placement of objects that restrict the territorial growth of cities (green zone) in the outer zone provides for development of new towns, residential areas, industrial and agricultural objects. And here the most important regulatory functions considered deconcentration of industry and development of public functions.

balanced development of settlements

concept of urban development

Develop a network of cultural institutions

dynamics of growth of major cities

Effectiveness group companies

from urban centers to group systems

Goal of urban planning policy

growth rate of urban population

interaction of road transport