general and regional settlement patterns in cities
The regional patterns of settlement solve some problems of a large city and its territorial planning structure, related to the definition of population, territorial growth, structural and sectoral composition of the city-base. They identify actions to achieve greater proportionality in the growth rate and concentration of the economic base, curb population growth of major cities, promoting the development of individual districts and zones in the region. Parameters and direction of the populated areas are specified at the level of development schemes of regional planning to be performed for the regions, territories and autonomous republics. The proposed scheme of regional planning - a starting position for the development of master plans for cities. They are accounted for in the design industry (in industrial allocation scheme) and in spatial planning (the development of regional, territorial, national plans).
The most important territorial units of the general and regional patterns of settlement, which regulates the development of cities - the group of settlements that occur on the basis of urban agglomerations. Their formation will be based on a complex of functional and spatial organization of groups of urban and rural areas, the combined economic base. Within the group seeks to create a system of town planning assumptions regarding the full and equal satisfaction of cultural and service needs of the population, including education, career choices. Within the group of systems in connection with the necessity to overcome the imbalances caused by the predominance of centripetal processes sinter-urban settlement in the country, planned to territorial redistribution of social and productive infrastructure.