growth of labor resources in small towns
Stabilization and growth workforce of small towns
, villages, reducing the size of undesirable migration to large cities are increasingly becoming dependent on the improvement of their social "constructed nature".
The transition to intensive development, increasing the spatial extent of the social and functional interaction between the populated areas, the objective necessity of their system organization can be realized only in conditions of relevant demographic, "software". If, on the one hand, turn to an intensification imposes certain requirements for the composition, quality and quantity of manpower, then, on the other hand, the success of the intensive factors will largely depend on the capabilities of their input-output (growth of the service sector, science, etc. ) and the territorial redistribution, consolidation in the planned locations of population growth in accordance with the structure - rasselencheskimi priorities of economic and social development.
At present, large and major cities are the most stable trend of the relative reduction of working-age population, increasing the number of people of retirement age, coupled with a reduction in fertility. At high levels of employment are virtually exhausted workforce, which increased in the coming period due to the reduction of the mechanical population growth could be negligible. Under these conditions, a decrease in intensity of labor balance may contribute to the realization of complex measures on changing occupational structure of the workforce - increasing the number of workers skilled labor with a corresponding decrease in the proportion of unskilled labor, the development of combination of labor, increase participation of people of pensionable age in employment, etc.