city-forming base of cities
Converted city-forming base of cities
, their social and functional structure, significantly increasing the role of regional factors that co-operation and integration of residential areas in their formation. The main driving force behind all these changes is the transition from a predominantly extensive to intensive factors mainly, to the rate of a sharp increase in the role of scientific and technological progress and accelerating socio-economic development.
Over a long period of development of our country huge social programs aimed at meeting the material and spiritual needs of man, mainly dealt objectively inevitable for a certain historical stage of extensive methods. Formation of settlement occurred on the basis of a sharp increase in urban population. Thus, from 1917 to the present, with increased population of the country little more than 1,5 times, approximately 6-fold increased urban population. This period is characterized by a steady increase in the level of concentration of urban population, the huge scope of new construction, its concentration in a fairly limited number of urban centers (given the size of the country). Such an extensive way possible to solve the problem of industrialization of the country, contributed to rapid urbanization, determined the structure, relationships and specificity of the formation of urban and rural resettlement.
Today reserves mainly of extensive development have been exhausted. On the one hand, declined sharply labor, raw materials, energy and other resources that could sustain the required growth rates, on the other - have changed the sources of development. Becomes more important course on scientific and technological progress, resource conservation, efficiency built capacities, cooperation in inhabited areas. Continued reliance on extensive methods raises serious difficulties of economic, environmental and urban character.