concentration of production in cities
Automation, mechanization and robotization manufacturing processes lead to reduced employment in production, creating preconditions for their physical separation from the production site. And in small towns are the prerequisites for concentration of production
at a relatively low concentration of workers. The role of small towns and rural settlements, their territorial and productive integration of a large city is growing and in connection with the integration of agricultural production, the formation of agro-industrial complexes, increased agrorekreatsionnoy activity, increased needs for second homes.
Urgent problem of reducing tension balance of labor resources of large cities in terms of growth of its production is largely due, as noted, the establishment of branch offices, shops, offices abroad. It should seek to ensure that their economic performance, productivity levels were not lower than the corresponding parameters of parent companies of a large city. Only in this case can be created preconditions for formation of a much more balanced in spatial relation to the economy, industrial structure, as "polarizing" human resources potential, more and more will have the industry that use highly skilled and highly productive work.
At present, large and major cities, due to the concentration of scientific and engineering personnel qualifications, a more complete and multilateral institutions and the provision of scientific information services to the appropriate material and technical base of more favorable conditions for the development of scientific potential.